The sun has long been a reliable source of energy, providing light and warmth to the earth for centuries. In recent years, however, its power has become more than simply an essential force in nature – it is now being harnessed as a way to provide clean and renewable electricity at home. With advances in technology making solar panels increasingly accessible and affordable, many households are asking themselves: Is Solar Cheaper Than Electric Bill?
This article aims to explore this question by examining the financial costs associated with both solar panel systems and traditional electricity bills. We will look at factors such as up-front installation costs, performance over time, maintenance requirements, government incentives and tax credits available for those who choose to install solar panels on their property. Additionally, we’ll discuss how these various elements can affect overall cost savings when comparing the two options.
Overall this article seeks to answer whether investing in a solar panel system provides significant enough long-term savings compared to relying solely on traditional electric bills. By looking closely at all aspects of cost comparison between these two sources of energy, readers should be able to make informed decisions about which option best suits their needs and budget.
What Is The Cost Comparison Between Utility Electric And Solar Power?
For many homeowners, solar energy is becoming a more attractive option for reducing electricity bills and saving money. An example of this cost-saving potential can be seen in the case of Bruno and Maria who recently upgraded their home to include rooftop solar panels. After installation, they were able to reduce their monthly electric bill by over fifty percent due to the savings provided by solar incentives from both federal and local governments.
The key factor influencing whether or not it makes financial sense to switch to solar power is the comparison between what utility companies charge for electricity versus the total cost of installing and maintaining a residential photovoltaic system (solar panel). Solar energy has become cheaper than electricity produced by utility companies in recent years, making now an ideal time to make the transition if possible. When considering how much money can be saved with a solar installation, it’s important to take into account long term factors such as maintenance costs, available tax credits/incentives, and overall rate increases from traditional electricity providers over time.
In addition to these monetary benefits, there are also environmental advantages that come with switching to renewable sources like solar energy. By utilizing clean forms of energy production instead of relying on fossil fuels like coal for electric generation, homeowners can help reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions while helping combat climate change at the same time. The combination of lower costs and improved sustainability makes going green an increasingly viable solution for those looking to save money on their monthly electricity bills.
How Much Money Can Solar Panels Save You?
As the saying goes, ‘a penny saved is a penny earned.’ Solar panel installations are becoming increasingly popular due to their cost-saving potential. By installing solar power systems on residential or commercial property, consumers can see significant savings in their monthly electricity costs compared to relying solely on utility electric. The initial outlay for solar panels and installation may seem high, but long-term benefits include energy independence as well as tax credits that can make it more affordable.
Breaking down the costs of utility bills versus solar panels requires taking into account several factors such as local rates for electricity use and applicable state incentives like renewable energy credits. Additionally, homeowners should consider the size of their roof when deciding whether to install a full system or just a partial array of panels. Depending on these variables, many people find that investing in an entire solar installation pays off over time with ongoing savings from reduced electric bills month after month.
In some states where sunshine is abundant, it may be possible to supply all of one’s own electrical needs through rooftop solar panel installations. These systems generate free electricity during daylight hours which offsets what would otherwise have been paid for from traditional utilities sources such as coal plants. In short, there are numerous advantages associated with turning away from fossil fuels and embracing sustainable green technologies like photovoltaic cells installed on rooftops across America.
Breaking Down The Costs Of Utility Bills Vs. Solar Panels
Costs can be a confusing conundrum, but comparing the costs of utility bills versus solar panels is an illuminating exercise. Examining electricity rates, energy consumption and average cost are essential elements in evaluating whether converting to renewable energy makes financial sense. Solar installers provide information on calculating the cost of electricity usage while taking into account tax credits, incentives and financing options.
Comparing the cost of electricity from traditional sources with that of solar power typically yields positive results for homeowners considering installing photovoltaics. The primary factor influencing the initial investment decision is often related to local or state-level incentive programs, as well as federal tax credits aimed at encouraging consumers to invest in green technology. Additionally, many states offer reduced interest loans specifically designed to help finance installation projects for residential customers.
Solar panel systems have become increasingly affordable over recent years due to advancements in technology and improved manufacturing processes; however, it’s important for prospective buyers to investigate all possible avenues for funding their project before settling on one option. Researching available grants, rebates and other types of assistance may significantly reduce the overall outlay required by homeowners looking to convert to clean energy sources such as solar power. From there, they can determine if a solar loan is less than their electric bill.
Is A Solar Loan Less Than Your Electric Bill?
Investing in solar projects is becoming increasingly popular as electricity bills continue to rise. Solar photovoltaics (PV) systems are a way for homeowners and businesses to reduce their reliance on traditional energy sources and potentially save money over time. The cost of installing such a system, however, can be substantial; one option that more people may consider when evaluating the costs is a solar loan.
A solar loan offers an alternative financing structure compared to upfront payment or leasing agreements. In addition, it allows households and businesses to borrow funds from financial institutions to pay for installation costs and take advantage of potential savings sooner than later. With a loan, the borrower pays off the debt with interest over time rather than paying large sums all at once. This could even result in monthly payments being lower than what was previously spent on monthly electricity bills.
For those looking into investing in renewable energy solutions, exploring a solar loan should be part of the consideration set due to its flexibility and potential cost-saving benefits. Evaluating this approach along with other options available will help inform decisions regarding investments into these types of projects so that greater returns may be achieved in the long run
Do You Really Save Money With Solar Panels?
Solar energy is an increasingly popular option for individuals looking to reduce their utility bills and carbon footprint. For instance, in California the average household saves about $30,000 over 20 years with solar installation. But do you really save money when installing a solar panel system?
There are many factors that determine whether or not going solar will be cost-effective for you—including your local climate, roof size, roof composition and angle of orientation as well as how much sunlight it receives every year. Additionally, the upfront costs of hiring a reputable solar company can be expensive. On top of this, most states offer property tax exemptions on their systems which helps offset some of these initial costs. It should also be noted that electric bills may still exist even after the installation due to variable electricity prices set by national averages.
Despite initial financial investments, long term savings from investing in a solar panel system can be quite rewarding. The following list provides insight into potential benefits: 1) Solar companies often provide warranties that cover maintenance and repair fees; 2) You get credit from utilities for excess power generated by your system; 3) Your home value increases when you install a system; 4) And you’re eligible for federal income tax credits up to 30% of the total cost of purchase and installation.
Ultimately, if done correctly and depending on geographical location, buying a residential solar system can prove to be much cheaper than traditional utility bills over time while providing numerous other advantages such as increased security against price hikes and reducing emissions associated with burning fossil fuels. With that being said, it’s important to consider all factors involved before making any final decisions regarding an investment in renewable energy technology like solar panels.
Pros Of Solar Energy
Going green has become more than a trend, it is now becoming essential for many. As the adage goes “act now or pay later”, investing in solar energy systems can save you money both today and tomorrow. Solar energy is an abundant source of clean energy that does not damage the environment like traditional fuel sources do. Moreover, homeowners are able to take advantage of government incentives when installing rooftop solar panels as well as taking control over their own energy rates by producing electricity with solar power themselves.
When discussing whether or not solar power is worth it, one must consider the costs associated with purchasing and installing a system on your property. The cost of solar panel technology has decreased drastically in recent years making them much more affordable. Additionally, most governments offer various tax credits and other financial assistance programs which help reduce the initial investment in a new solar power system even further. This makes it easier for people to reap the benefits of switching to renewable energy sources while minimizing up-front expenses.
In addition to reduced installation costs, there are also long-term savings associated with using solar energy instead of conventional electricity from utility companies. Most states have net metering laws which credit excess electricity produced from residential solar panels back onto your monthly bill at a rate equal to what you would normally be charged for grid electricity – essentially reducing your electric bills each month! With these factors taken into consideration, one should weigh all pros and cons before determining if going green through utilizing rooftop solar is right for them financially.
Is Solar Power Worth It?
When it comes to alternative energy sources, solar power is gaining traction as a viable option. Its increasing popularity begs the question: Is investing in solar worth it? To answer this, let’s consider the advantages and disadvantages of converting to solar electricity.
Solar energy has the potential to reduce or even eliminate one’s monthly electric bill, making it attractive for those who want to achieve energy independence. Moreover, certain federal tax incentives sweeten the deal when considering installing photovoltaic (PV) technology on property. In addition, depending on local climate conditions and current energy demands, many households can benefit from investing in rooftop PV systems since they can easily generate more than enough renewable energy for their own needs.
Nonetheless, there are some drawbacks that should not be overlooked when evaluating whether going solar is right for you. For starters, there is usually an initial investment required which could amount to thousands of dollars before any savings start being realized. Plus, due to geographic restrictions such as shading by trees or nearby buildings, there may be limitations regarding how much solar capacity you will actually have available at your location compared with what was estimated initially.
Considering all these factors carefully is key when assessing if conversion from traditional electricity sources to solar power makes financial sense for a particular household over time. It is also important to understand why people opt for solar power versus other options like wind turbines or geothermal heating systems so that homeowners can make informed decisions about their future investments in green technologies.
Why Do People Opt For Solar Power Vs. Electricity?
In the search for an alternative to rising electricity costs, people are increasingly turning to solar power. But is it worth it? What factors should be taken into consideration when deciding whether or not solar is a better option than electric bills?
When weighing up the pros and cons of using solar energy versus traditional electricity sources, several key points must be considered. These include: federal tax credit, utility scale solar, panel quality, financial incentives, solar batteries, project cost and renewable sources. Each factor plays an important role in helping determine if installing a home solar system is right for you.
The federal government offers various tax credits that can help bring down the total cost of installation. Utility-scale installations also offer great discounts as they enable large amounts of energy production in one area rather than needing many homes with smaller systems installed on their rooftops. The quality of panels used is another crucial factor—the higher grade materials used will result in more efficient use of sunlight and therefore greater savings over time. Additionally, there are often local and state financial incentives available which further reduce costs associated with going solar. Solar batteries can also serve as storage for excess energy produced when daylight hours are high but demand from utilities is low; this helps make sure all energy generated does not go to waste. Finally, renewables such as wind turbines can provide additional energy inputs at no extra cost to homeowners who install them alongside photovoltaic cells on their roofs.
All these elements come together to form a complete picture of what’s involved when opting for solar power instead of paying electric bills. Furthermore, looking at each component separately allows potential customers to assess the overall project cost before any commitment needs to be made – vital information in making an informed decision about switching away from traditional means of powering homes and businesses alike.
To Buy Solar Or Pay Electric Bills?
When considering whether to buy solar or pay electric bills, key factors such as the amount of direct sunlight available and a person’s current electricity usage should be taken into account. The total cost associated with purchasing and installing a solar module is also an important factor in determining if it is more economical than paying for electric bills. Furthermore, the reduction in carbon footprint that results from using renewable energy sources may make opting for solar power over electricity worthwhile even when taking additional costs into consideration.
The price of electricity varies significantly depending on location. Therefore, researching local electricity prices can help inform decisions about which option is most cost-effective. Additionally, assessing one’s current electricity usage and understanding the implications of future energy needs are essential steps before deciding between buying solar or continuing to pay electric bills.
In order to determine if investing in solar will result in lower utility expenses compared to traditional energy sources, individuals must analyze their individual circumstances along with regional market conditions including prevailing electricity rates. Ultimately, this analysis will provide insight into how does solar energy compare when it comes to cost?
How Does Solar Energy Compare When It Comes To Cost?
The debate of solar energy versus electric bills is a hot topic that has been gaining traction in the past few years. Like two sides of the same coin, it’s time to flip the switch and see which one shines brighter when considering cost.
When looking at the actual costs associated with both energy sources, a few factors must be considered. Solar policies play an important role in determining how much money can be saved by switching from electricity to solar panels. Moreover, high quality solar panel installation also affects total cost as well as any applicable tax credits or rebates available. Additionally, excess power generated from solar systems can be sold back to utility companies depending on the rates offered and other local regulations.
By taking all these variables into account, energy cost savings could potentially offset initial investments for those living in areas where sunshine hours are abundant and access to proper resources exist. In this case, solar energy would have an edge over traditional electric bills due to lower long-term costs associated with maintenance fees and other expenses related to grid connection services.
TIP: Consider researching your area’s renewable incentives before making a decision on what type of energy source is best suited for you!
How Much Will You Save?
When considering the cost of solar versus other forms of energy, it is important to acknowledge that upfront costs may appear high. However, when looking at the long-term savings and financial benefits, the advantages become evident.
Investing in a solar system can be an ideal way for households to reduce their monthly electric bills as well as contribute to preserving our planet’s resources through transitioning from traditional energy sources. Furthermore, with various options available today such as loan programs or leasing models, many homeowners are discovering how easy it can be for them to make this transition.
The average price of installing solar panels on residential properties has dropped significantly over recent years due to advancements in technology and lower material costs making the investment more accessible than ever before. Additionally, tax incentives and rebates provide further financial assistance which makes investing into renewable energy fit within almost any budget. With these factors taken into account along with potential lifestyle changes that come with being powered by clean energy sources such as reduced reliance on electricity providers; there are numerous reasons why switching to solar will benefit both your wallet and our environment alike…
Other Benefits Of Solar
What are the other benefits of solar energy aside from cost-savings? To answer this question, it is important to look at how solar providers and electric companies interact with each other in terms of metering policies and access to sunlight. Here are three key advantages to consider when comparing solar panels versus electricity bills:
First, Solar Providers have full control over the process for producing renewable energy since they do not need to depend on power grids or power companies. This allows them to be more independent than electric companies who require utilities to generate electricity and purchase additional resources from a third party.
Second, unlike traditional forms of electricity production that rely on nonrenewable sources like coal and oil, solar systems use natural resources such as sunlight which can provide an unlimited supply of clean energy. Additionally, these systems can also produce excess energy during peak hours which could potentially lead to reduced costs for customers by providing incentives or credits when selling back surplus power into the grid.
Finally, most states offer tax exemptions and rebates for installing solar panels which makes them even more economical compared to paying monthly electricity bills. These incentives help lower installation costs and make it easier for homeowners who may not have access to direct sunlight due to budget constraints, location restrictions or time limitations.
These advantages demonstrate why many people choose solar energy over traditional electricity sources. Now that we’ve seen what lies behind investing in solar panels, let’s move onto exploring why they might be better than paying electricity bills.
Why Are Solar Panels Better Than Electricity Bills?
Solar panels have many advantages over electricity bills. They reduce greenhouse gases, decrease electricity demand, and use daily sunlight to generate energy. Furthermore, installing solar panels on the roof surface will free up space for other activities while providing a cost-effective solution.
The growing need for renewable energy sources is spurring an increase in solar panel usage globally. Solar can provide clean energy that does not emit carbon dioxide like fossil fuel plants do. Moreover, because of their ability to be monitored with energy metering systems and easily installed on rooftops or open land parcels, they are becoming increasingly popular as a reliable source of power generation.
In addition to these environmental benefits, solar offers financial incentives such as net metering and feed-in tariffs which make it more attractive than traditional electric bills. It also reduces long-term energy costs by allowing users to produce their own electricity from everyday sunshine instead of paying high rates for utility services. By taking advantage of this technology, households can see significant savings over time without compromising quality.
Solar Reduces Your Energy Costs
Solar energy is an efficient way to reduce your energy costs. By harnessing the power of the sun, it can provide a reliable source of electricity for homes and businesses. Solar panels are becoming increasingly popular due to their environmental and economic benefits. Here are four ways solar reduces your energy costs: 1) Lower Energy Bills – A properly installed solar panel system will generate enough electricity to offset most or all of your electric bill. 2) Reduce Carbon Footprint – Generating power from renewable sources such as solar eliminates reliance on traditional energy producers that emit carbon emissions into the atmosphere. 3) Conserve Resources – Solar systems require no water for operation, unlike other forms of energy production which use vast amounts of freshwater resources. 4) Optimize Energy Usage – Installing an advanced monitoring system allows you to track real-time data on how much electricity is being produced and consumed by each individual device in your home or business helping you manage daily energy usage more efficiently. The installation of a solar panel system has many advantages when it comes to reducing your overall energy costs while also protecting the environment. With these advantages come questions about whether going solar actually saves money and if so, does it increase home value?
Does Going Solar Actually Save Money? Does Solar Increase Home Value?
The sun has long been a symbol of hope, optimism and potential. As the world rapidly transitions towards renewable energy sources, harnessing solar power is becoming an increasingly attractive investment for homeowners seeking to reduce their energy costs. To answer whether going solar actually saves money or increases home value, it’s important to understand how solar works and what economic factors are involved.
Solar panels capture light from the sun and convert it into electricity which can be used directly in homes or stored on site as surplus electricity that may be sold back to the local electricity provider at competitive rates. This process allows owners to benefit financially while also reducing their carbon footprint. According to one energy economist, “Homeowners through energy cost savings alone could achieve payback within five years” – indicating that investing in solar technology can have immediate returns for those who do so.
However, there are other factors involved such as the overall efficiency of the system and its ability to generate enough power relative to the size of your property and its associated energy intensity. Taking all this into consideration will help you determine if solar is right for your home and situation – making sure you get maximum financial return on your initial investment with minimal environmental impact.
Frequently Asked Questions
How Long Does It Take To Install Solar Panels?
Installing solar panels is becoming increasingly popular as an alternative to using electricity from the grid. An example of this could be seen in a housing complex in California, where each home was fitted with rooftop solar systems for energy cost savings and environmental protection. This case study demonstrates how beneficial installing solar can be, but it also begs the question: How long does it take to install solar panels?
The installation time largely depends on several factors such as size of system, location, weather conditions and complexity of the project. Generally speaking, most residential installations can take anywhere from one to three days depending on the amount of work required. Installing commercial-sized projects may require more time due to additional complexities associated with larger systems. For instance, if components need to be mounted onto a roof or other structure that requires extra safety precautions then this will add more time to the overall process. Furthermore, local laws and building codes must also be taken into consideration which could extend installation times further still.
Overall, installation times vary depending on numerous factors; however experienced technicians can usually complete jobs within reasonable periods of time while providing quality results that are up to code and safe for use. With careful planning and execution by knowledgeable professionals installing solar panels can provide homeowners and businesses alike with valuable energy saving benefits over extended periods of time.
Is Solar Power Reliable?
Solar power is an increasingly popular energy source, as it provides a renewable and clean alternative to traditional electricity. Its reliability has been questioned in the past due to underlying technological complexities that are associated with solar panels. In this paper, we will discuss the overall reliability of solar power and its potential to be used as a viable long-term solution for energy needs.
To start with, one must consider the physical nature of solar panels themselves. Solar cells are made up of photovoltaic material which converts sunlight into usable electrical current. This material is relatively stable, meaning that once installed there should not be any major issues over time regarding deterioration or wear and tear. Furthermore, advancements in technology have improved efficiency rates significantly; modern day solar systems can now harness more than 20% of available sunlight energy which was unheard of only a few years ago.
Another factor to take into account is the climate conditions where the system is being installed. If temperatures become too extreme then it could lead to reduced performance from the panel itself but other elements like wind and rain should have no effect on output levels. Additionally, if properly maintained, most solar systems offer warranties lasting up to 25 years so this would guarantee some level of confidence in relation to its longevity and durability even under certain environmental stresses such as hail storms and hurricanes.
Overall, when judged against other sources of energy generation like natural gas or coal plants it becomes apparent why solar power has grown so quickly in popularity – it’s safe, reliable and offers great value for money in comparison with more traditional forms of electricity production methods. As such, given appropriate installation procedures are followed and regular maintenance checks are performed then investors can rest assured knowing they have chosen an energy source that will provide them with ample returns over many years without any significant problems arising along the way.
Are Solar Panels Harmful To The Environment?
The environmental impact of solar energy is a question that has been widely discussed in recent years. With the world’s leading economies making commitments to reduce their carbon footprints, it is important to understand how solar power can fit into this balance. Suspensefully, what are the potential risks and concerns associated with using solar panels? To answer this question thoroughly requires an examination of several factors related to the production and usage of solar technology.
Firstly, when considering the manufacturing process of photovoltaic cells – which comprise most domestic rooftop solar systems – there are three key aspects to consider: emissions from plants producing such materials; hazardous waste generated during production; and water consumption for cooling processes. In terms of emissions, research suggests that large-scale manufacturers have made significant efforts to reduce or eliminate harmful pollutants produced by these facilities. As far as hazardous waste is concerned, many companies now adhere to best practices for responsible disposal of any chemicals used in production. Finally, while water consumption can be quite high depending on production methods employed at individual factories, some producers have implemented ways to reuse much of it over time instead of disposing after one use.
Secondly, once installed, solar panel systems have minimal negative impacts on the environment in comparison with other forms of energy generation like coal burning or natural gas extraction. This includes reducing air pollution significantly due to lack of ongoing combustion processes required by fossil fuels, as well as greatly reduced land disturbance since no mining activities need occur for installation purposes. Additionally, studies show that even if all global electricity needs were met through solar means alone – a situation unlikely ever reached – only 0.3% of land would be affected worldwide within protected areas like national forests or wildlife refuges.
Finally, given current technological advancements and regulatory frameworks surrounding PV cell construction and usage around the globe today, it appears safe to conclude that renewable energy sources like solar present relatively few environmental risks compared with traditional fuel options such as oil or coal burning. A 3 item list demonstrating this conclusion include: (1) advances in emission reduction technologies adopted by major producers; (2) low levels of noise disruption caused by operation and maintenance; and (3) very limited land area needed for deployment relative to total amount available globally. Thus although further study may be necessary in certain cases depending upon local conditions or specific locations requiring installation considerations, overall evidence supports a positive outlook towards harnessing sun’s energy without fear of causing needless harm to our planet’s fragile ecosystems
Are Solar Panels Suitable For All Types Of Homes?
Solar panels have gained increasing popularity not only for their potential to reduce carbon footprints, but also for the financial savings they can offer. But are solar panels suitable for all types of homes? This article will explore this question in detail.
To start with, it is important to note that there are several factors that should be taken into consideration when determining whether or not solar panels suit a particular home: • Location – The amount of sunlight available and any local installation regulations must first be considered. • Roof size – If a roof has sufficient space to accommodate the required number of solar panels, then it may be suitable for installation. • Roof type – Solar panel installations work best on roofs with flat surfaces as opposed to sloped ones. • Direction – The direction of the sun relative to the location of the house needs to be assessed before installing solar panels. • Shade – Areas that receive shade from trees or other buildings can affect how much energy is generated by the installed system.
In addition, homeowners should consider whether their current electrical needs will match up with what a new solar system could produce; generally speaking, larger systems are needed if more electricity is consumed and vice versa. Furthermore, property owners need to consider costs associated with equipment such as batteries and inverters alongside labour fees related to installation – this tends vary depending on where one lives and the complexity of an individual setup.
Ultimately, while making an informed decision about whether or not installing solar panels is suitable for a given residence requires assessing various factors such as those described above, doing so can result in significant financial savings over time which make investing in renewable energy sources worthwhile.
What Maintenance Is Required For Solar Panels?
The use of solar panels as an energy source is becoming increasingly popular due to their environmental friendliness and cost-effectiveness. As with any new technology, however, it is important to understand the maintenance requirements associated with such systems before making a purchase decision. This article will discuss what maintenance is required for solar panels in order to ensure that they remain operational and efficient over time.
Solar panel systems have several components which require regular upkeep including batteries, wiring, inverters, charge controllers, and photovoltaic cells. Batteries should be checked monthly for corrosion or damage and replaced when necessary; similarly, electrical connections should also be inspected regularly for signs of wear or loose wires. Inverters must be kept clean and free from dust accumulation so that power performance remains at its optimal level. Charge controllers need to be adjusted according to the amount of sunlight available each day in order to maximize battery charging efficiency. Finally, the photovoltaic cells on the surface of the panel itself must be cleaned periodically in order to remove dirt or debris buildup which can interfere with proper operation.
By adhering to these basic maintenance steps, homeowners can ensure that their solar system operates efficiently and safely over time. Regular inspections are recommended by experts in order to detect small issues before they become bigger problems down the line. Furthermore, it is beneficial to take advantage of warranties offered by manufacturers when purchasing a system as this may cover certain repair costs if something goes wrong during routine operations or cleaning procedures.
Solar power is increasingly becoming an attractive option for many households as it offers a number of benefits, including reduced energy costs and environmental friendliness. Solar panels are relatively easy to install and require little maintenance over time. Furthermore, solar energy is reliable and can be used in all types of homes.
The cost savings associated with using solar energy compared to traditional electric bills depends on the location, size of the installation, and other factors. In 2020, U.S. residential customers saved an average of 10% off their annual electricity bill by switching to solar power according to EnergySage Marketplace data1. These cost savings help offset the initial investment needed for installing solar panels and make them a viable choice for many homeowners looking to reduce their energy costs.
Overall, the advantages provided by solar technology have made it one of the most popular forms of renewable energy sources today. With continued developments in this field, more people may soon find that investing in solar is cheaper than relying solely on conventional electricity sources in terms of both long-term financial returns and environmental sustainability. Next Article